“I am a cardiac electrophysiologist who specializes in electrical disorders of the heart. To obtain the best outcome, I use the latest technologies available, innovate, participate in research, and educate other physicians and students.”


Dr. Makati is a cardiac electrophysiologist or a cardiologist that specializes in electrical disorders of the heart. After completing residency and fellowship, he elected to further learn about AF ablation under pioneer, Michel_Haïssaguerre, in Bordeaux, France. He was recruited to Clearwater, Florida where he performed the first AF Ablation at Morton Plant Hospital as Dr. Pastore’s colleague in practice.

Professional Journey

Shortly after joining, they recognized the need for a more personalized health care delivery model and formed Tampa Cardiac Specialists servicing St. Joseph’s Hospital Main and St. Joseph’s Hospital North. Dr. Makati served on the founding board for the BayCare Physician Partners network, Rhythm Section Chairperson, Cardiology Steering Committee, and Adult Congenital Heart Disease Committee. In addition to clinical practice, he holds an Associate Professorship at University of South Florida and was a clinical instructor at Washington University and Tufts. Dr. Makati is also active in research, publishing his work on atrial fibrillation, defibrillator therapy, and advanced mapping techniques. He has chaired and presented at national and international meetings and serves on editorial boards of journals. Dr. Makati was the first physician in the world to combine cryotherapy with the Convergent procedure in 2010 and continues to advance the field with his research.


Internal Medicine: 2004
Cardiovascular Disease: 2007
Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology: 2019
National Board of Echocardiography: 2007
Certification Board of Nuclear Cardiology: 2007

Research (selected)

Cryoballoon Ablation as Initial Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation: New England Journal of Medicine 2020
Safety and Efficacy of a Convergent Hybrid Procedure Using Cryo as Endocardial Energy Source for the Treatment of Persistent and Longstanding Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: Circulation Arrhythmia and EP 2020
ECG Belt for CRT Response Trial: Principal Investigator
FROZEN AF Trial: Principal Investigator
PULSED AF Trial: Sub Investigator
The Convergent AF Ablation Procedure: Arrhythmia & EP Review 2020
Combined Epicardial and Endocardial Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: Best Practices and Guide to Hybrid Convergent Procedures: Heart Rhythm Journal 2020

Book Chapters

Electroanatomical Mapping: An Atlas for Clinicians. 2nd Ed. Pub. 2020 In Print
Chapters 15, 28, 45, 55, and 66. Electroanatomical Mapping: An Atlas for Clinicians. 1st Ed. Pub. 2011 ISBN: 9781444357356
Chapter 20. Pharmacologic Management of Ventricular Arrhythmias. Ventricular Arrhythmias and Sudden Cardiac Death. Pub. 2009 ISBN-13: 978-1405161145
The Washington manual outpatient medicine survival guide. Pub. 2003. ISBN 0-7817-4365-6


American College of Cardiology March 2020 CME
European Convergent Expert Consensus Meeting 2019
EP101 Program for Incoming Fellows 2019 CME
EP301 Program for EP Fellows and Early Career Electrophysiologists 2019 CME
EP101 Program for Incoming Fellows 2018 CME
EP301 Program for EP Fellows and Early Career Electrophysiologists 2018 CME
American Association of Thoracic Surgery – Surgical Treatment of Arrhythmias and Rhythm Disorders Meeting 2018 CME


University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Washington University/Barnes-Jewish
Tufts University Medical Center

Areas of Interest

AF Ablation
Hybrid Ablation
PVC Ablation
Ablation in Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD) patients
SVT Ablation